This resource is intended to help students develop skills to improve their abilities to write in computer science and software engineering. When you write a research paper, you use information and facts from a variety of resources to support your own ideas or to help you develop new ones citing is required for sources you quote word-for-word, for sources you paraphrase ( rewrite using your own words), and for sources from which you summarize ideas. Quote sparingly ninety-nine percent of your paper should be in your own words quotes help your argument, but cannot substitute for your own original work always cite your source first, words that belong to someone else must be copied exactly and enclosed in quotation marks second, you must tell your reader where. In a literary analysis paper, for example, you''ll want to quote from the literary text rather than summarize, because part of your task in this kind of paper is to analyze the specific words and phrases an author uses in research papers, you should quote from a source to show that an authority supports your point to present a. One of the challenges of writing a research paper is successfully integrating your ideas with material from your sources your paper must explain what you think, or it will read like a disconnected string of facts and quotations however, you also need to support your ideas with research, or they will seem insubstantial. Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period in-text citations ideally, no more than 25 percent of your paper should be direct quotations attempt to paraphrase as much as you can you should opt for direct quotations when citing a statistic or an original theory direct quotes are also good if you.
Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final [research] paper probably only about 10% of your final manuscript should appear as directly quoted matter therefore, you should strive to limit the amount of exact transcribing of source materials while taking. The page or paragraph number where you find information is required for all quotations but is optional for paraphrased information citations in your paper are necessary to provide credit to the proper sources failure to cite properly could result in plagiarism some good guidelines for citing your work are to cite anything that. Use quotations when you want the solid reputation of a source to lend authority and credibility to your own writing [back to contents] quoting memorable language assume you're writing a paper on napoleon bonaparte's relationship with the celebrated josephine through research you learn that two days after their. If you have too many references, readers may wonder if you did any original research at all unless you're writing a literature review, your paper's primary focus should be on your investigation and findings don't bury your hard work under strings of citations and discussion regarding other works show your.
Lester, james d writing research papers 2nd ed (1976): 46-47 a legitimate paraphrase: in research papers students often quote excessively, failing to keep quoted material down to a desirable level since the problem usually originates during note taking, it is essential to minimize the material recorded verbatim ( lester. Your paper gains credibility your reader will respect the breadth of your research your reader will respect your use of “the experts” your own opinion will appear stronger when you support it with well chosen source material.
If you've used a lot of research in your paper, this may mean that every sentence will contain a citation that's a good thing: it shows tom and marilyn ross quote one reviewer, “self-published books come in four at a time, and when i see the imprint, i throw them immediately in the wastebasket i wouldn't even give them. Citation protocol for quotations, paraphrases, and summaries that are not your own within your paper, you must cite the source whether you quote, paraphrase, or summarize a single phrase or a whole chapter, you must citation of research , some teachers prefer parenthetical citations to appear at the end of.
And quotations are only one type of evidence: well-balanced papers may also make use of paraphrases, data, and statistics the types for example, suppose you were writing an essay about the differences between the lives of male and female slaves in the us south mla handbook for writers of research papers. Writing credible, well-designed papers for college or publication requires the use of scholarly writing mechanics the writer must integrate ideas from sources, cite and reference properly, paraphrase, and use minimal quotes source material must the paper should contain no more than 20 percent of direct quotations.